Kolla

简介


Kolla是OpenStack Big Tent Governace下的一个项目,项目的目标是

To provide production-ready containers and deployment tools for operating OpenStack clouds.

Kolla使用Docker容器和Anisble playbooks来实现这个目标。Kolla是开箱即用的,即使你是个新手也可以很快的使用kolla快速部署你的openstack集群。Kolla也允许你根据实际的需求来定制化的部署。

kolla目前已经可以部署以下openstack项目

可以部署的基础组件包括

Kolla体验


可以参照kolla官方文档https://github.com/openstack/kolla/blob/master/doc/quickstart.rst 进行部署。

Kolla解决的问题


可配置的灵活架构

可以看下默认的多节点架构

# These initial groups are the only groups required to be modified. The
# additional groups are for more control of the environment.
[control]
# These hostname must be resolvable from your deployment host
control01
control02
control03

# The above can also be specified as follows:
#control[01:03]     ansible_ssh_user=kolla

# The network nodes are where your l3-agent and loadbalancers will run
# This can be the same as a host in the control group
[network]
network01

[compute]
compute01

# When compute nodes and control nodes use different interfaces,
# you can specify "api_interface" and another interfaces like below:
#compute01 neutron_external_interface=eth0 api_interface=em1 storage_interface=em1 tunnel_interface=em1

[storage]
storage01

[baremetal:children]
control
network
compute
storage

# You can explicitly specify which hosts run each project by updating the
# groups in the sections below. Common services are grouped together.
[kibana:children]
control

[elasticsearch:children]
control

[haproxy:children]
network

[mariadb:children]
control

[rabbitmq:children]
control

[mongodb:children]
control

[keystone:children]
control

[glance:children]
control

[nova:children]
control

[neutron:children]
network

[cinder:children]
control

[memcached:children]
control

[horizon:children]
control

[swift:children]
control

[heat:children]
control

[murano:children]
control

[ironic:children]
control

[ceph-mon:children]
control

[ceph-rgw:children]
control

[ceph-osd:children]
storage



# Additional control implemented here. These groups allow you to control which
# services run on which hosts at a per-service level.
#
# Word of caution: Some services are required to run on the same host to
# function appropriately. For example, neutron-metadata-agent must run on the
# same host as the l3-agent and (depending on configuration) the dhcp-agent.

# Glance
[glance-api:children]
glance

[glance-registry:children]
glance

# Nova
[nova-api:children]
nova

[nova-conductor:children]
nova

[nova-consoleauth:children]
nova

[nova-novncproxy:children]
nova

[nova-scheduler:children]
nova

[nova-spicehtml5proxy:children]
nova

[nova-compute-ironic:children]
nova

# Neutron
[neutron-server:children]
control

[neutron-dhcp-agent:children]
neutron

[neutron-l3-agent:children]
neutron

[neutron-lbaas-agent:children]
neutron

[neutron-metadata-agent:children]
neutron

默认我们会把haproxy放到network节点,如果我想把haproxy放到一个单独的节点,那么我只需要到这样修改

-[haproxy:children]
-network
+[haproxy]
+haproxy01
+haproxy02

配置文件管理

每个openstack服务都运行在一个容器中,那kolla是怎么管理openstack的配置的呢? 我们拿nova-compute的配置管理来举例

首先kolla会使用ansible为nova-compute生成一份配置文件放在/etc/kolla/nova-compute/目录下。

#nova_custom_config默认是/etc/kolla/configs/nova
#node_config_directory默认是 /etc/kolla
- name: Copying over nova.conf
  merge_configs:
    vars:
      service_name: "{{ item }}"
    sources:
      - "{{ role_path }}/templates/nova.conf.j2"
      - "{{ node_custom_config }}/global.conf"
      - "{{ node_custom_config }}/database.conf"
      - "{{ node_custom_config }}/messaging.conf"
      - "{{ node_custom_config }}/nova.conf"
      - "{{ node_custom_config }}/nova/{{ item }}.conf"
      - "{{ node_custom_config }}/nova/{{ inventory_hostname }}/nova.conf"
    dest: "{{ node_config_directory }}/{{ item }}/nova.conf"
  with_items:
    - "nova-api"
    - "nova-compute"
    - "nova-compute-ironic"
    - "nova-conductor"
    - "nova-consoleauth"
    - "nova-novncproxy"
    - "nova-scheduler"
    - "nova-spicehtml5proxy"

大家可能会注意到kolla使用merge_configs来完成配置文件的合并,那么merge_configs是干什么的呢?顾名思义,merge_configs就是把多个配置文件合成一个,kolla为什么要这样做呢? openstack配置选项非常多但是真正需要管理的则很少,对这部分选项kolla使用模版的方式管理,同时由于merge_configs的使用,使得用户可以非常方便的添加自己的定制化选项。比如你部署kolla在一台虚拟机上,你必须使用QEMU hypervisor来替代KVM hypervisor。那么你可以在/etc/kolla/config/nova/nova-compute.conf中添加以下配置

[libvirt]
virt_type=qemu

merge_configs的代码在 ansible/action_plugins/merge_configs.py

启动容器时/etc/kolla以docker卷的形式挂载到/var/lib/kolla/config_files目录下

- name: Starting nova-libvirt container
  kolla_docker:
    action: "start_container"
    common_options: "{{ docker_common_options }}"
    image: "{{ nova_libvirt_image_full }}"
    name: "nova_libvirt"
    pid_mode: "host"
    privileged: True
    volumes:
      - "{{ node_config_directory }}/nova-libvirt/:{{ container_config_directory }}/:ro"
      - "/etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro"
      - "/lib/modules:/lib/modules:ro"
      - "/run/:/run/"
      - "/dev:/dev"
      - "/sys/fs/cgroup:/sys/fs/cgroup"
      - "kolla_logs:/var/log/kolla/"
      - "libvirtd:/var/lib/libvirt"
      - "nova_compute:/var/lib/nova/"
      - "nova_libvirt_qemu:/etc/libvirt/qemu"
  when: inventory_hostname in groups['compute']

容器启动脚本会根据nova-compute.json来将配置文件拷贝到/etc并设置合适的权限

{
    "command": "nova-compute",
    "config_files": [
        {
            "source": "{{ container_config_directory }}/nova.conf",
            "dest": "/etc/nova/nova.conf",
            "owner": "nova",
            "perm": "0600"
        }{% if nova_backend == "rbd" %},
        {
            "source": "{{ container_config_directory }}/ceph.*",
            "dest": "/etc/ceph/",
            "owner": "nova",
            "perm": "0700"
        }{% endif %}
    ]
}

关于kolla配置文件的管理还可以参考这里

nova-fake测试控制平台性能

这里

compute节点升级问题

由于所有服务都运行在容器中,那么是不是我升级compute节点时,该节点的虚机都会进入关机状态呢,kolla使用super-privilege的容器来解决了这个问题具体可以参考kolla PTL的文章https://sdake.io/2015/01/28/an-atomic-upgrade-process-for-openstack-compute-nodes/

平滑升级

kolla为升级也编写了upgrade.yaml这个playbook,我们还是拿nova-compute的升级为例

# kolla/ansible/roles/nova/tasks/upgrade.yml
---
# Create new set of configs on nodes
- include: config.yml

# TODO(inc0): since nova is creating new database in L->M, we need to call it.
# It should be removed later
- include: bootstrap.yml

- include: bootstrap_service.yml

- name: Checking if conductor container needs upgrading
  kolla_docker:
    action: "compare_image"
    common_options: "{{ docker_common_options }}"
    name: "nova_conductor"
    image: "{{ nova_conductor_image_full }}"
  when: inventory_hostname in groups['nova-conductor']
  register: conductor_differs

# Short downtime here, but from user perspective his call will just timeout or execute later
- name: Stopping all nova_conductor containers
  kolla_docker:
    action: "stop_container"
    common_options: "{{ docker_common_options }}"
    name: "nova_conductor"
  when:
    - inventory_hostname in groups['nova-conductor']
    - conductor_differs['result']

- include: start_conductors.yml

- include: start_controllers.yml
  serial: "30%"

- include: start_compute.yml
  serial: "10%"

- include: reload.yml
  serial: "30%"

使用


查看log

cd /var/lib/docker/volumes/kolla_logs/

进入容器调试

docker exec -it service_name  bash

root权限问题

出于安全考虑很多kolla服务都是运行在非root下,进入容器后拿不到root权限,我们还以nova_compute为例,可以修改/etc/kolla/nova_compute/config.json改为以下

{
    "command": "nova-compute",
    "config_files": [
        {
            "source": "/var/lib/kolla/config_files/nova.conf",
            "dest": "/etc/nova/nova.conf",
            "owner": "nova",
            "perm": "0600"
        },
        {
            "source": "/var/lib/kolla/config_files/nova.sudo",
            "dest": "/etc/sudoers.d/nova.sudo",
            "owner": "root",
        }    ]
}

然后在/etc/kolla/nova-compute添加nova.sudo

nova       ALL=(ALL)       NOPASSWD: ALL

重启容器后即可sudo到root用户下调试

定制化build镜像

参考 https://github.com/openstack/kolla/blob/master/doc/image-building.rst

总结


优点

  • 配置管理灵活方便
  • 可以平滑升级
  • 部署简单
  • 环境隔离
  • 多种安装源
  • 支持的部署的服务多

缺点

  • 对新手的友好程度
  • debug不方便